|Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay
|BAFTA Award for Best Film
|Oscars at the 48th Academy Awards
Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, producer, screenwriter and photographer. Widely considered one of the greatest filmmakers of all time, his films—nearly all of which are adaptations of novels or short stories—span a number of genres and are known for their intense attention to detail, innovative cinematography, extensive set design and dark humor. A perfectionist, Kubrick assumed direct control over most aspects of his filmmaking, cultivating an expertise in writing, editing, color-timing, promotion and exhibition. He was famous for the painstaking care taken in researching his films and staging scenes, performed in close coordination with his actors, crew, and other collaborators. He frequently asked for several dozen retakes of the same shot in a movie, something that often confused and frustrated his performers. Despite the notoriety this provoked among actors, many of Kubrick's films broke new cinematic ground and are now considered landmarks. The scientific realism and innovative special effects in his science fiction epic 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) had no precedent in the history of cinema, and the film earned him his only personal Oscar, for Best Visual Effects. Steven Spielberg has referred to the film as his generation's "big bang" and it is regarded as one of the greatest films ever made.